2 edition of productivity effects of decentralized reforms found in the catalog.
productivity effects of decentralized reforms
Lixin Colin Xu
by World Bank, Policy Research Dept., Finance and Private Sector Development Division in Washington, DC
Written in English
|Statement||Lixin Colin Xu.|
|Series||Policy research working paper ;, 1723, Policy research working papers ;, 1723.|
|Contributions||World Bank. Policy Research Dept. Finance and Private Sector Development Division.|
|LC Classifications||HG3881.5.W57 P63 no. 1723|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||32 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||32|
|LC Control Number||97159702|
In a sense, some stakeholders want it both ways: to retain the country’s decentralized, pluralistic health system, but also to have HTA bodies that take a societal perspective. Decentralization is one of the most important innovations in environmental policy during the past 30 years. Despite the pervasiveness and large amounts of resources invested to implement these reforms, little is known about their environmental effects. Given worldwide interest in forest conservation, this lack of knowledge hampers efforts to improve the effectiveness of current policy .
Effects of Management by Objectives Studies of Swedish Upper Secondary of reforms that were implemented from the late s to improve the performance and decentralized priorities. Such significant shifts in policy required the establishment of new organizations. One of. reforms to competition policy should have largely positive effects on productivity growth and employment in South Africa. There is increasing recognition of the role that vested interests can play in restricting competition. For example, when plans were underway in Egypt to develop a competition law.
The Political Economy of Productivity. Actors, Arenas, and Policymaking. Prepared for presentation at Brainstorming Session. IADB February 6, This research project. Lies at the intersection of two agendas: Development in the Americas Report (DIA, ex-IPES) on “Productivity in Latin America”. Take a step forward from the work of Wu () who investigated the productivity growth of Chinese economy based on 37 sectors at national level, the purpose of this study is to explore how regional distribution of sectors affect both the economic growth and productivity growth in China.
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Get this from a productivity effects of decentralized reforms book. The productivity effects of decentralized reforms: an analysis of the Chinese industrial reforms. [Lixin Colin Xu; World Bank. Policy Research Department.
Finance and Private Sector Development Division.]. If the new government chooses a path of radical reforms (e.g. introduces a market for land), it is possible that Ukraine will attract major inflows of foreign borrowings and direct investment. This may amplify the positive effects of the reforms and may resemble the economic boom of the s before the Global Financial Crisis.
Decentralized Environmental Regulations and Plant-Level Productivity From a new working paper by Vivek Ghosal, Andreas Stephan, Jan F. Weiss: “Using a unique plant-level dataset we examine total factor productivity (TFP) growth and its components, related to efficiency change and technical change.
The second edition of An Introduction to Efficiency and Productivity Analysis is designed to be a general introduction for those who wish to study efficiency and productivity analysis. The book. The paper estimates the dynamic macroeconomic effects of labor and product market reforms on output, employment and productivity, and explores how these vary with prevailing macroeconomic.
This books executive summary and introduction are available in Adobe Acrobat PDF format FEBRUARY | EPI Book Market-based Reforms in Urban Education by Helen F. Ladd Purchase this book Executive Summary Educational outcomes for many urban students are unacceptable: dropout rates are high, test scores are low, and fewer students go to college compared.
PROCUREMENT PROCESSES AND PERFORMANCE: EFFICIENCY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF THE PROCUREMENT FUNCTION Patrick Kakwezi and Sonny Nyeko Kakwezi is a Lecturer in Department of Procurement and Logistics re University Business School, P.O.
BoxKampala, 41, Uganda Tel: +Fax: + War II to the need to expand the school system quickly to cope with rapidly rising enrollments stemming from the baby boom.
Scholars and reformers returned to the issue of how best to use education dollars with new vigor in the years after publication of the Coleman report (Coleman et al., ), with its finding that resource differences apparently had little effect on the outcomes of schooling.
Read chapter 6 Management Decentralization and Performance-Based Incentives: Theoretical Considerations for Schools: Reform of American education is large.
Downloadable (with restrictions). This study examines the effects of public research and development (R&D) subsidies and the governance of such subsidies on firm productivity based on the analysis of a firm-level panel dataset between and in China.
It is found that public R&D subsidies tend to support more productive firms and the productivity of these government-backed firms is. Downloadable (with restrictions). This paper studies, for the first time, the effects of environmental taxes on efficiency gains and the growth of the regions.
To this end, we have estimated a dynamic panel-data model to the context of the Spanish regions that reflects the effects of environmental taxation and regulation separately.
The results provides further empirical evidence in favour of. A planned economy is a type of economic system where investment, production and the allocation of capital goods take place according to economy-wide economic plans and production plans. A planned economy may use centralized, decentralized or participatory forms of economic planning.
[need quotation to verify]The majority of countries adopting socialism (including those based on the Soviet. Thirdly, the effects of land reforms on access to land, credit, and investment in agriculture as discussed in this paper provide support to the argument that reforms play an important role in agricultural productivity, but contextualizing land reforms in local customary forms of.
In any case, positive effects of diversity are likely to be quantitatively modest as compared with other sources of productivity growth, such as human capital improvements (see also Ozgen et al., ). In conclusion, inward migration leads to size effects and composition effects that.
In mid-July, the G-8 nations announced a $20 billion commitment to help farmers in developing countries increase their food production. 1 Although these efforts are intended to increase food supplies and agricultural productivity over the short run, long-term institutional change is needed to help farmers improve output beyond one or two seasons.
One major reform that would help farmers across. Decentralized forest management programs reduce deforestation rates, although the effects may be modest.
More research is needed to assess whether such programs reduce the income of poor households. Proponents of decentralized forest management programs suggest that such programs can contribute to both environmental and poverty reduction outcomes.
The book analyses the development and principal features of this capitalist realism as a lived ideological framework. Using examples from politics, films, fiction, work and education, it a Aftercapitalism has successfully presented itself as the only realistic political-economic system - a situation that the bank crisis offar from /5().
Agricultural Extension Reforms in South Asia: Status, Challenges, and Policy Options is based on agricultural extension reforms across five South Asian countries, reflecting past experiences, case studies and experiments.
Beginning with an overview of historical trends and recent developments, the book then delves into country-wise reform. Raffaella Sadun is a Professor of Business Administration in the Strategy Unit at Harvard Business School. Professor Sadun's research focuses on the economics of productivity, management and organizational change.
Her research documents the economic and cultural determinants of managerial choices, as well as their implications for organizational performance in both the private and public. Research and development (R&D) is a key determinant of long run productivity and welfare. A central issue is whether a decentralized economy undertakes too little or too much R&D.
We develop an endogenous growth model that incorporates parametrically four important distortions to R&D: the surplus appropriability problem, knowledge spillovers.
'The central theme of this book is decomposition. With chirurgical precision the authors dissect change of profitability, profit, cost, and return-on-assets, looking for traces of productivity change. They are thereby interested not only in the drivers of productivity change, but also in the distribution of its fruits.Measuring Public-sector Productivity in Selected Asian Countries The present book consists of nine chapters.
In this first chapter I define the concept of public sector productivity and also review the recent literature which relates most directly to our concerns and objectives. I also set the target of this research and overview the.Reforms were also implemented in urban industry to increase productivity.
A dual-price system was introduced, in which (State-owned enterprise reform ) state-owned industries were allowed to sell any production above the plan quota, and commodities were sold at both plan and market prices, allowing citizens to avoid the shortages of the.